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definition of the word stone

by the Wiktionnary

Rank of this word in the English language, from analyzing texts from Project Gutenberg.
seven notice week #779: stone tree cost value

From Old English stān, from Proto-Germanic *stainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *stai-. Cognate with Scots stane, Dutch steen, German Stein, Swedish sten, Danish sten, Norwegian stein and (from Indo-European) with Ancient Greek στῖον (stion), pebble), Russian стена (stená), wall).

Singular
stone

Plural
countable and uncountable; plural stones

stone (countable and uncountable; plural stones)

  1. (uncountable) A hard earthen substance that can form large rocks and boulders.
  2. A small piece of stone.
  3. A gemstone, a jewel, especially a diamond.
  4. (UK) (plural: stone) A unit of mass equal to 14 pounds. Used to measure the weights of people, animals, cheese, wool, etc. 1 stone ≈ 6.3503 kilograms
    • 1843: Seven pounds make a clove, 2 cloves a stone, 2 stone a tod, 6 1/2 tods a wey, 2 weys a sack, 12 sacks a last. [...] It is to be observed here that a sack is 13 tods, and a tod 28 pounds, so that the sack is 364 pounds. — The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge p. 202.
    • 1882: Generally, however, the stone or petra, almost always of 14 lbs., is used, the tod of 28 lbs., and the sack of thirteen stones. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England Volume 4, p. 209.
  5. (botany) The central part of some fruits, particularly drupes; consisting of the seed and a hard endocarp layer.
    a peach stone
  6. (medicine) A hard, stone-like deposit.
    kidney stone
  7. (board games)A playing piece made of any hard material, used in various board games such as backgammon, and go.
  8. (color) A dull light grey or beige, like that of some stones.
    stone colour:    
  9. (curling) A 42-pound, precisely shaped piece of granite with a handle attached, which is bowled down the ice.


Definition from Wiktionary
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